The history of coffee: how did it all begin?André Schmitt
Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world. But how did it all start? Where does coffee come from and how did it become what it is today? In this article we will look at the history of coffee and explore the origins and spread of this delicious drink.
The origins of coffee lie in the Ethiopian highlands. According to legends, a shepherd named Kaldi discovered that his goats were full of energy after eating the red berries of the coffee bush. He tried the berries himself and felt the invigorating effect that came from the caffeine in the berries. This was the birth of coffee.
From Ethiopia, coffee cultivation spread rapidly throughout the Arab countries. Coffee was first grown and drunk in Yemen in the 15th century. There it was also roasted and ground for the first time to prepare coffee as a beverage. The Arab world was the main producer of coffee for the next few centuries.
In the 16th century, Muslim pilgrims brought coffee to Mecca and Medina, where it quickly became popular. Soon coffee was consumed throughout Arabia and Persia and eventually reached Europe. The first coffee houses opened in Venice and coffee quickly became the drink of choice for intellectuals and artists.
In 17th century, the European colonial powers began to grow coffee. The Netherlands brought coffee to Java, while the French brought it to Martinique and the British brought it to Jamaica. In the course of the In the 18th century, coffee became an important export commodity and was an essential part of global trade.
Over time, different types and varieties of coffee also developed. Arabica coffee was introduced from Ethiopia and is now the most commonly grown type of coffee. Robusta coffee was discovered later and contains more caffeine than Arabica. Today, there are also many specialized coffee producers who specialize in the production of exotic coffees such as Blue Mountain, Kopi Luwak and Geisha.
In the modern world, coffee has become an indispensable part of daily life. From espresso to cappuccino, from filter coffee to latte macchiato, there are countless coffee variations to tantalize the palate. In many cultures, coffee is also a social drink, enjoyed at meetings with friends or business associates.
To sum up, the history of coffee is a long and fascinating journey that has led from Ethiopia to Arab countries, to Europe and around the world. Coffee is not only of enormous importance for global trade and the economy, but also for the culture and social cohesion of many countries.
As a lover of coffee, it is interesting to know the history of the drink and understand how it became what it is today. Although the way coffee is consumed has varied over time and in different cultures, its fascinating history remains an important part of the coffee experience. Whether you enjoy a simple black coffee or a complicated latte macchiato, the taste and aroma of coffee will always remain an important part of our lives.